Bengal Delta Plain has one of the best sources of jute in the world. Jute is an incredible versatile fiber, it is used to make all kinds of products from packaging, textiles, non-textile, construction, and agricultural sectors.
Jute was used in the Indus Valley civilization since the 3rd millennium. Due to it’s multiple uses it remains as one of the most popular and affordable natural fibers. It is made from the plant ‘Corchorus olitorus’ most suitable in warm climates. As it is a rain-fed crop it has very little need for fertilizer or pesticides, in contrast to cotton’s heavy requirements.
To extract the fibers from the plant, it first needs to be processed through retting which consists of immersing the jute stems under water. It then needs to be stripped of as the fibers are taken from the jute stem.
The diversity of products that can be made from jute is incredible from it’s use as technical textiles, composites to its use in making fabrics. For consumers there is incredible choice from clothing to shoes, bags as well as floor coverings, home textiles, geotextiles, composites, and more.
Every material from the jute plant can be recycled it’s product is biodegradable thus it is extremely beneficial for the environment. Jute matting is used to prevent flood erosion while natural vegetation becomes established. For this purpose, a natural and biodegradable fiber is essential. Jute is the major crop among others that is able to protect deforestation by industrialization.
Jute is in great demand due to its cheapness, softness, length, luster and uniformity of its fiber. It is a strong, durable, colorful light-fast fiber. Its UV protection, sound and heat insulation, low thermal conduction and anti-static properties make it a wise choice in home decor. Also fabrics made of jute fibers are carbon-dioxide neutral and naturally decompose.
It has high tensile strength, low extensibility, and ensures better air flow of fabrics. Therefore, jute is very suitable in agricultural commodity bulk packaging.
Advantages of jute include good insulating and anti-static properties, as well as having low thermal conductivity and a moderate moisture regain. Other advantages of jute include acoustic insulating properties and manufacture with no skin irritations.